On the eve of double election
It is the first time in history that Mongolians are going to hold the elections of the highest governing bodies of both state and the capital city, which is dwelled by the half of our population, at the same time.As a result of this double election only a week away, political party(s) that will lead Mongolia’s rapid development in the next four years will emerge.
Though the Mongolian political forces define themselves differently, if every political party is placed under the political spectrum, we could classify all of them into left, center-left and social democratic parties.Furthermore, we can list the parties from the right to the left as following: the Democratic Party (DP), the Civil Will-Green Party (CWGP), Mongolian People’s Party (MPP) and Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (MPRP).
According to a survey of 1000 people living in both urban and rural areas conducted by the Sant Maral research center ten days prior to the elections, Mongolians are likely to actively participate in the elections. Eighty three percent (75% in the capital city and 88% in the countryside) of the participants of this survey have expressed that they would participate and vote in the elections.
In the survey, 42% of the participants said that they would vote for the DP, 32% for the MPP, 24% for the Justice Coalition of the MPRP and the MNDP (the Mongolian National Democratic Party), 3.3% for the CWGP and 1.9% for the “Third Force” joint coalition. If we look at this in accordance with the name lists of political parties and proportional representation, the total of 28 proportional election seats are likely to be distributed as follows: the first12 candidates on the DP’s list, nine from the MPP, seven from the MPRP and the MNDP coalition and one from the CWGP.
If that is the case, 27 candidates from the DP or 30 from the MPP or 32 from the MPRP and the MNDP coalition will have to win in the majoritarian election system in order to become the majority in the parliament and form the government on their own.
If we assume that the MPRP led by the former president N.Enkhbayar will split the votes given for the MPP as much as this survey did, the DP is more likely to win 27 seats in its electoral districts. In case the DP is unable to form its own government, they will have to establish a coalition with another political party, which is not easily done.As for the city council elections, this trend is greatly observed and there is a great deal of will to change the MPP, which has solely been ruling the city for many years without resolving the problems of our city such as winter smog, air pollution, traffic jam and unlawful gaining of public property and land.
Following this trend, if the DP wins both of the parliament and city council elections, we must not forget that it does not mean the DP is advantageous or better than the MPP; it will only be a consequence of the MPRP splitting votes given for the MPP.
The main reason that the 2012 elections will be relatively calm with more realistic results is the new mixed electoral system. It is because influential leaders of a political party no longer need to raise a great amount of money and spend it in order to protect their personal reputation, as they are already included in their party’s name list. On the other hand, they are focusing more on their party’s reputation as an institution. For this reason, the average expense of an election candidate could relatively be smaller this time.
Anyway, every citizen is waiting for reports on election campaign finances of political parties, their own properties and where exactly they are getting donations.
Leaders of the ruling party should report if their election campaign expense is covered by the government or not and whether their expenses got mixed up or not. For example, when the Prime Minister is going on his election campaign traveling from one electoral district and province to another, he should make it clear if his expense is coming out of public budget or not. This transparency will also help the next elections.
No matter which of the two big political parties wins this election, Mongolian people will demand the ruling political force to establish justice in society. We should start this work by carefully analyzing, determining and explaining the main reason why so many Mongolians are so desperate to get into politics.Afterwards, the state administration system has to be changed drastically, governance has to be made transparent, law obedience along with equality before the law has to be ensured and accountability should serve anyone.This means holding those who has been stealing public property and has been strengthening their own interests using their power in a political party,responsible for their actions.
Mongolians can all see that, if we do not do so, a political party is getting corrupt from the inside instead of developing and strengthening as a political institution.That kind of political force loses its leadership ability, forfeits the faith of its supporters and, ultimately, perishes.
Another thing we can learn from this election is that every media belongs to some political or business groups that are trying to use their own media in order to express the reality in favor of their own interests.If a goat knows the language, he could tell that what television channels or newspapers belong to whom by seeing, whom those channels and newspapers are singling out to support and who they are criticizing.It reminds us of the need to make media organizations transparent as banking and finance organizations, announce their owners’ names to the public and turn them into public companies.
We also must not ignore that the youth, the new generation of Mongolia, do not believe in their future because they do not accept corruption that has become so common in Mongolian politics.
All these situations are posing a major obstacle in forming of a universal value of social conscience and are having negative influences on setting a common goal that is acknowledged by the whole nation.
It is time we took into account that our political parties being unable to develop as an institution are having foreign investors lose their trust in the Mongolian government, increasing the risks of debt obligation Mongolia is sending abroad and raising the interests.
Standing on the doorsteps of the Mongolian double elections 2012, I have mentioned some of the critical factors of political life today. I request (urge) everyone to participate in the election. If you do not vote, do not forget that your fate will be in the hands of some one else.
Translated by B.AMAR